A common injury in childhood, especially around the 1-3 age when they are full of curiosity, strength and have absolutely no fear at all!
Here are some signs to look out for if your child sustains a head injury.
MILD HEAD INJURY
▻ May display altered level of consciousness at the time of the injury
▻ Is now alert and interacts with you
▻ May have vomited, but only once
▻ May have bruises or cuts on their head
▻ Is otherwise normal.
MODERATE/SEVERE HEAD INJURY
▻ May lose consciousness
▻ May be drowsy and not respond to your voice
▻ May be dazed or shocked
▻ May not cry straight after the knock to the head (younger children)
▻ May be confused, have memory loss or loss of orientation about place, time or the people around them
▻ May experience visual disturbance
▻ May have unequally sized pupils or weakness in their arm or leg
▻ Have something stuck in their head, or a cut causing bleeding that is difficult to stop, or a large bump or bruise on their head
▻ May have a seizure, convulsion or fit
▻ If they vomit more than once
Your child may have a headache after a head injury. Give them paracetamol every six hours if needed to relieve pain.
There is no need to wake your child during the night unless you have been advised to do so by a doctor.
Call an ambulance immediately if you have any difficulty waking your child.